CCP 3.1.u45 - Enūma Anu Enlil (?)

Catalogue information
British Museum
BM 76985
AH.83-1-18,2357
Sippar(Sippar), 83-1-18 consignment
CDLI: 
P461291
Publication
Copy: 
Lambert Folio 10199 [tr]
Commentary
DivinationAstrological. Enūma Anu Enlil

Broken

Base text: 
Enūma Anu Enlil (?)
Tablet information
Babylonian
Fragment
Columns: 
1 (or >)
Lines: 
17
Size: 
6 × 3,81 cm
Chaldean / early Achaemenid (late 7th / 6th cent) (mostly "Sippar Collection")
Bibliography

Frahm, 2011E. Frahm, Babylonian and Assyrian Text Commentaries. Origins of Interpretation. Ugarit-Verlag, 2011.: 166, 287

Leichty & Finkelstein & Walker, 1988E. Leichty, Finkelstein, J. J. , and Walker, C. B. F. , Catalogue of the Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum. Volume VIII: Tablets from Sippar 3. British Museum Publications, 1988.: 77

Record
Jiménez, 06/2015 (Transliteration)
Jiménez, 06/2015 (Translation)
Jiménez, 06/2015 (Introduction)
Finkel, 07/2015 (Collation)
Gabbay, 07/2015 (Suggestions [introduction])
Jiménez, 08/2016 (Commentary markup)
By Enrique Jiménez | Make a correction or suggestion
How to cite
Jiménez, E., 2015, “Commentary on Enūma Anu Enlil (?) (CCP 3.1.u45),” Cuneiform Commentaries Project (E. Frahm, E. Jiménez, M. Frazer, and K. Wagensonner), 2013–2022; accessed June 26, 2022, at https://ccp.yale.edu/P461291. DOI: 10079/w3r22mx
© Cuneiform Commentaries Project (Citation Guidelines)
Introduction

This small fragment belongs to a commentary that appears to be concerned with constellations and gods. The exact base text on which the present piece comments is uncertain. As U. Gabbay observes (private communication), the fact that both gods and months are mentioned in this fragment, as well as the use of the strange form qa-ba-a in line 10′, is suggestive of some relationship between the present fragment and the Iqqur īpuš commentary CCP 3.8.2.A, a text that also elaborates on connections between gods and months and contains the same spelling qa-ba-a.

The preserved lines are badly damaged, and hardly any entry is understandable. The most arresting feature of the fragment is the quotation from the god list An = Anu that appears in lines 11′-12′, and which explains the rare names Atugula and Atubanda (both are daughters of the mother-goddess).1 It seems highly unlikely that these names could have featured in an astrological text: the lines in the commentary are thus better explained as theological elaborations on the name of some constellation.

 

The fragment belongs to the British Museum’s “Sippar Collection,” and its accession number (AH.83-1-18) is shared by other commentaries on astrological texts, such as a commentary on Enūma Anu Enlil 58(59)-62(63) “Group A” (CCP 3.1.58.D.a) and a fragment of an astrological commentary (CCP 3.1.u46). It is also the same consignment as the Theodicy commentary (CCP 1.4), the commentary on Uruanna (CCP 6.5), and the fragment CCP 7.2.u73.

The tablet has been collated by I.L. Finkel, and the results of his collation are acknowledged in the textual notes below.

  • 1. On these goddesses, see A. Cavigneaux and Krebernik, M. , dNIN-tu-tur, Reallexikon der Assyriologie, vol. 9, p. 508, 1998.
Edition

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ccpo

BM 076985 (unpublished unassigned ?) [commentaries]

Obverse
1'1'

[...] x : ul?-[...]

...

2'2'

[...] : še-ʾ-i [...]

...

3'3'

[... e]-gu?-ú : ḫa-ṭu-[ú ...]

[...] "to be negligent" means "to do wrong" [...]

4'4'

[...] šá? ma-le-e IGI pad?-[...]

[...] ... full ... [...]

5'5'

[...]-x-na-ad : ṭi-id IDIM : [...]1

[...] ... means "clay of the water spring" (sc. of the Apsû?) [...]

6'6'

[...] : MIN GÌR : še-e-pi : x [...]

[...] ... ditto, GÌR means "feet," ... [...]

7'7'

[...] x ŠU/di : sa-pa-nu : an-na-[...]

[...] ... "to flatten" ... [...]

8'8'

[...]-x : ap-pi : TÙN sa-ap-na-[...]2

[...] ... TÙN means mous[tache ...]

9'9'

[...] x dGAŠAN-ía ?si : dBAD [...]

[...] ... Bēltīya shouts. Enlil [...]

10'10'

[...] itiŠU u itiAB qa-ba-a : d[...]

[...] it is said in Duʾūzu (IV) and Ṭebētu (X) [...]

11'11'

[...]-ḫa GUBaz : da-tu-gu-la : [-te an-na tuš-a ...]3

[...] stands. Atugula is ["the fearful, who dwells in the sky" ...]

12'12'

[... da-tu-bàn]-da : ama si-ik--a-ke₄ : da-tu-[bàn-da ...]4

[... Atuband]a is "the old woman ..." Atu[banda is ...]

13'13'

[...] múlSUḪUR.MÁŠku₆ : ina itiAB [...]

[...] Capricorn. In Ṭebētu (X) [...]

14'14'

[...] : ina lìb-bi šá ina itiŠU : še-[...]

[...] ... on account of (the fact that) in Duʾūzu (IV) ... [...]

15'15'

[...] x : u a-ga-an-ni-ta : MIN? [...]

[...] ... means "these" ... [...]

16'16'

[...] x si?-ti-šú : ḫi-it?-[...]

...

17'17'

[...] x : MAŠ u?-/ta [...]

...

1The first sign is the right end of a low oblique [ILF].

2The well-attested equation TÙN.BAR = sapsapu suggests reading sa-ap-sa!-[ap] at the end, but the last sign looks like NA, and SA seems impossible [ILF].

3The end has been reconstructed after An = Anu II 104.

4The line contains a quotation from An = Anu II 104-105, da-tu-gu-la = ní-te an-na tuš-a / da-tu-bàn-da = ama-síki-lá-ke₄ (for the reading of the latter entry, see Lambert apud Volk CTMMA 2 (2005) p. 8 ad 17, there the line is An = Anu II 100). See also PSD A/3 16b.

Photos by Enrique Jiménez

Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum