| || || |
[*] ⸢AN⸣.GE₆ GAR-ma U₄ ŠÚup * AN.GE₆ GAR-ma dIŠKUR KA-šú ŠUBdi * AN.GE₆
(1) "If there is an eclipse and the day becomes dark" (= EAE XVI 1 = STT 329 5'). "If there is an eclipse and Adad roars" (= EAE XVI unknown = STT 329 6'). "If there is an eclipse and it rains" (= EAE XVI unknown). "If there is an eclipse and lightning strikes" (= EAE XVI unknown) is said on account of the summer.
GAR-ma ŠÈG ŠURnun <*> AN.GE₆ GAR-ma NIM.GÍR ibGÍR ana UGU AMA-MEŠ qa-bi 1
ik-kam-ma-ru : id-da-a-ku : aš-šum ka-ma-ri GÌR*-du-u : ár-ḫiš 2
(3) "Will be heaped up" (ikammaru) (= EAE XVI unknown = STT 329 7') means "they will be killed," because "loss" (kamāru) means defeat. "Quickly" (= EAE XVI unknown = STT 329 7') means "promptly." "A waterless flood" (= EAE XVI unknown = STT 329 9') means "plague." "It will take away" (= EAE XVI unknown = STT 329 9') means "it will carry away," because "to take away" means "to carry away."
ḫa-an-ṭiš : a-bu-bu la A-MEŠ : mu-ta-nu : ub-bal : i-na-aš-šá-a aš-šum
ba-ba-lu : na-šú-u : * AN.GE₆ GAR-ma DUNGU ana ŠÀ DUNGU KU₄
(5) "If there is an eclipse and one cloud enters into another cloud, the gods will take away (KAR-MEŠ) the intelligence of the land, the king of that land, his days are near (sc. the end)" (= EAE XVI unknown = STT 329 10'-11' and 80-7-19,103 o 10-11) (means that) during the eclipse a star enters into another star, (since) "cloud" (means) "star." KAR-MEŠ means "they will take away," i.e., "they will deprive," since "to take away" means "to deprive."
DINGIR-ME GALGA! KUR KAR-MEŠ : LUGAL KUR BI U₄me-šú qer-bi : ina AN.GE₆ 3
MUL ana ŠÀ MUL KU₄ : DUNGU MUL : KAR-MEŠ : iṭ-ṭe-ru : ik-ke-mu 4
KAR <:> e-ṭe-ri :* KAR : e-ke-mu : LUGAL ina di-bi-ri : LUGAL ina ud-da-a-ta
(8) "The king in a calamity" (= EAE XVI unknown = 80-7-19,103 o 13) means "the king will constantly live in distress."
it-ta-na-al-lak : * AN.GE₆ GAR-ma ina DUNGU BABBAR GE₆ SA₅ SIG₇ u GÙN
(9) "If there is a eclipse and it stands in a white, black, red, yellow, multicolored, or very dark cloud, and it peters out" (= EAE XVI unknown), as many times as it appears, "cloud" is said on account of planets.
u du-ʾ-um GUB-ma u ZÁLAGir : ma-la iq-bu-u a-na UGU dUDU.IDIM-MEŠ 5
DUNGU qa-bi DUNGU e-re-tu₄* : DUNGU : sa-an-da :*
(11) An "empty" (lit. "naked") cloud (= EAE XVI unknown) is a red cloud. An alludānu-cloud (= EAE XVI unknown) is a cloud that lasts as long as the sun, alternatively, it is a cloud that stands for the whole day and night. As many times as it appears, "cloud" is said on account of the summer.
DUNGU al-lu-da-nu DUNGU šá ma-la dUTU ma-ṣu-u : 6
šá-niš DUNGU šá kal-la U₄mu u mu-ši GUBzu : DUNGU ma-la
iq-bu-ú ana UGU AMA*-MEŠ qa-bi : DINGIR-ME LUGAL ú-lab-ba-ru ana ⸢U₄⸣-[ME x x] 7
(14) "The gods will make the king live long" (= EAE XVI unknown) is said on account of an abandoned land.
ana UGU KUR na-di-tu₄ qa-bi : * AN.GE₆ GAR-ma ina TÙR DUak* u* ZÁLAGir 8
(15) "If there is an eclipse and moves within the halo and peters out," (= EAE XVI unknown) (means) "it peters out during the winter in a clear sky." "Halo" is said on account of a clear sky.
ina ⸢EN*.TE*.NA ina*⸣ ANe za-ku-tu ZÁLAGir-ma : TÙR ana UGU ANe
šá-me-e za-ku-tu qa-bi [: *] ⸢AN⸣.GE₆ GAR-ma TÙR NÍGIN-ma ⸢LUGAL? ana? na?⸣-x 9
(17) "If there is an eclipse and it is surrounded by a halo and ... is dark ... risen" (= EAE XVI unknown), [...] ZI-ú, ZI means "to rise," alternatively it means "to be proud." "If there is an exlipse and [...] go [...]" (= EAE XVI unknown), NÍ means "oneself," NÍ (also) means "curse," [...].
GAZ* x x x TÙR [NÍGIN]-ma ⸢u?-x⸣-[...] É a-dir x [...] ⸢ZI.GA⸣ 10
[x x x x x] ⸢ZI*⸣ú : ZI ⸢te-bu⸣-ú : MIN ⸢ga*⸣-pa*-šú* : [* AN].GE₆ GAR-ma
[x x x x x] ⸢DU⸣ak : NÍ re-ma-⸢a-ni*⸣ : IM* ⸢ár*-ra?⸣-tu₄ ⸢:⸣ [(x)] ⸢x⸣ mi-kin-tu₄ 11
[x x] ⸢x⸣ [x x] ŠÀ*ú IM TI : šá*-a*-ri* ⸢ṣe*⸣-li* 12
(21) [...] as in "IM TI means wind of the ribs." NÍGIN means "to go around," NÍGIN (also) means "to surround."
⸢NÍGIN*⸣ : ṣa-a-⸢du*⸣ [NÍGIN] ⸢: la⸣-mu-ú : * AN.GE₆ GAR-ma AN.[GE₆] BI BABBAR
(22) "If there is an eclipse and that eclipse is white, black, red, yellow, [(or multicolored)]" (= EAE XVI unknown), (means that) the eclipse occcurs [in a c]loud. Alternatively, it is said on account of the shape of the eclipse.
GE₆ SA₅ ⸢SIG₇⸣ [(GÙN) ina] ⸢DUNGU⸣ AN.GE₆ GAR-ma : šá-niš ana muḫ-ḫi ši-kin
AN.GE₆ ⸢qa⸣-[bi :] ⸢*⸣ 30 ad-riš È-ma ⸢id⸣-lip NÍG.ḪA.LAM.MA
(24) "If the moon rises in obscurity and lingers on, destruction of the whole land, [variant,] rebellion" (= EAE XVI unknown), "it rises obscure and" (the verb) "it lingers on" means "it tarries."
KUR DÙ.A.BI [(x) :] saḫ₄-ma-áš-tu₄ a-dir È-ma : id-lip :* i-ku*-uš 13
* 30 ad-riš ⸢È⸣-ma EN ZÁLAG GUBzu :* ⸢ina⸣ DUNGU KAN₅ È-ma ANe ú-nam-mar-ma
(26) "If the moon rises in obscurity and stands until clearing" (= EAE XVI unknown) means "it rises in a dark cloud and brightens the sky," alternatively, it means "it peters out at the beginning of the winter." "It rises in obscurity and sets in obscurity" means "it rises obsure and sets obscure."
šá-niš ina re-eš [ku]-ú-ṣu ZÁLAGir : ad-riš È-ma ad-riš KU₄
ina DUNGU ⸢ad-ri*⸣ È-ma ad-ri ŠÚ*-ma : * 30 ad-riš KU₄ 14
(28) "If the moon sets (īrub-ma) in obscurity" (= EAE XVI unknown) means "it enters (īrub-ma) a cloud in darkness and sets (while) in the cloud," alternatively, (it has its) regular (sense) (i.e., "it sets," īrub-ma).
ina i-dir-tu₄ [ina] ⸢DUNGU⸣ KU₄-ma ina DUNGU ŠÚ-ma : šá-niš
ka-a-a-nu : * ⸢30 ina⸣ SAG-šú a-dir KUR kiš-šat UN-MEŠ 15
(30) "If the moon is dark at its top, the land (and) the totality of the people will be left over for all times" (= EAE XVI unknown), "at its top" means "at its top the appearance [...]. "They will be left over" means "they will be killed."
⸢EN ul-la⸣ [i-ri]-⸢iḫ⸣-ḫa : ina SAG-šú : ina SAG-šú IGI*.DU₈*.ÀM 16
[x] ⸢x⸣-la [x x x] ⸢x⸣-še-e : i-ri-iḫ-ḫa : id-dak-ka
⸢x⸣ ri-kis lum-[nu : nap]-ḫar lum-nu : * ina SI-šú a-dir-ma : ina MÚRU-[šú]
(33) "The totality of the evil" (= EAE XVI unknown) means "[al]l the evil." "If (the moon) is dark in its horn in [its] middle it is dominant (but) [it is dark] to its right" (= EAE XVI unknown) means that [x part] of the disk is eclipsed.
ga-ši-ir ina 15-⸢šú⸣ [a-dir : x] ḫab-rat AN.GE₆ GAR-ma : * ina MÚRU-šú a-dir-ma 17
(34) "If it is dark in its middle and sprinkled" (= EAE XVI unknown), "in [its] mid[dle]" means that in the middle of the month, (i.e.) on the 14th day, there is an eclipse. SU means "to sprinkle," SU (also) means "to be bright." (Therefore, it means) "it is dark but it peters out to the right and to the left," (it refers) to a small eclipse which peters out quickly.
ù i-li-iḫ ina* ⸢MÚRU*⸣-[šú] ⸢ina⸣ mi-šil ITI U₄ 14.KAM AN.GE₆ GAR-ma
SU* : e-le-ḫi : SU : ⸢na*⸣-ma*-ri : a-dir-ma 15 u GÙB-šú ZÁLAGir 18
ana AN.GE₆ i-ṣa šá* ḫa-an-[ṭiš] ⸢ZÁLAG*⸣ : * 30 a-dir u ZÁLAG SU-šú BABBAR DINGIR-MEŠ KUR ḫe-pí19
(37) "If the moon is dark and peters out, its face is white, the gods will (broken) the land" (= EAE XVI unknown) [...] the eclipse a star ... will set [...] (means) "the defeat of the land will be establised."
⸢x x⸣ :* AN.GE₆ ÁB ⸢x-ma ŠÚ-ma?⸣ [x x x x x x x x x x]
tab-de-e KUR iš-šak-⸢kan⸣ : qad-diš ŠÚ BABBAR GE₆ ⸢SA₅ SIG₇ GÙN u* DARA₄*⸣ [ma-la]
(39) "It sets (while) bowed" (= EAE XVI unknown). As many times as it appears, "white, black, red, yellow, multicolored, or very dark" is said about planets and (about) a cloud.
iq-bu-ú ana UGU* dUDU.IDIM-MEŠ u DUNGU qa-bi <:> * 30 a-dir-ma TÉŠ.BI
(40) "If the moon is dark and completely covered" (= EAE XVI unknown) means that the eclipse stands in a dark, thin cloud.
i-rim : AN.GE₆ ina DUNGU ṣa-lim-tu₄ raq-qa-tu₄ DU-ma <:> * 30 a-dir-ma TÉŠ.BI
(41) "If the moon is obscure and completely covered, and it turns into a glow, (variant) it stands until dawn – misfortune will occur everywhere in the land, (variant) the reign of the land will be spared from defeat, the land will suffer severe famine" (= EAE XVI unknown) (the entire line) means that there will be a complete eclipse which will be shaped (TAG₄ = KÀD, kaṣāru?) like a star, it is said as in "the lands will be spared from defeat." "Glow" (birṣu) means "star." NÍG.NAM.KÀD means "glow," (and in the logogram) NÍG.NAM.KÀD, KÀD means "to save."
i-rim-ma ana bir*-ṣu* GUR*-ma : EN EN.NUN.U₄.ZAL.LA DU-ma 20
ḪULtì KUR TÉŠ.BI GARan : BALA KUR ina BAD₅.BAD₅ KAR-MEŠ KUR SU.GU₇ dan-nu IGI 21
AN.GE₆ TIL⸢tu₄*⸣ [GAR]-⸢ma⸣ GIM MUL TAG₄-ma ina ŠÀ* KUR.KUR ina tab-de-e
in-né*-ṭe-⸢ra iq⸣-bi : bir-ṣu : MUL : NÍG.NAM.TAG₄ : bir-ṣu : 22
NÍG.NAM.⸢TAG₄⸣ : TAG₄ : e-ze-bi : * 30 a-dir-ma qim-mat-su ANe dal-ḫat
(46) "If the moon is obscure and its 'scalp' darkens (dalḫat) the sky" (= EAE XVI unknown), the eclipse ..., means that there is a disturbance (dilḫu) on the surface of the sky. "The people of the land will see their evil one" (= EAE XVI unknown) is thus (umma): "[The people] of the land will see their enemies."
AN.GE₆ [x x]-tu₄ di-il-ḫi ina IGI ANe ⸢GÁL⸣-ma : UN KUR lem-ni-ša IGI-MEŠ
⸢um*-ma* UN* KUR*⸣ ze-ʾ-er*-e-šú i-na-aṭ-ṭaṭal : * 30 a-na ITI-šú 23
(48) "If the moon to its month [...]" (= EAE XVI unknown) (it refers to the moon) that there is an eclipse from one fixed time to another.
[x] ⸢x⸣ [x] ⸢GAR?⸣ : šá a-dan-nu a-na a-dan-nu AN.GE₆ iš-šak-ka-na 24
[* 30 ina] itiBÁRA ina IGI.LÁ-šú a-dir ina È-šú ad-⸢ri⸣ È LUGAL-ME* SÁ.SÁ-ma
(50) "If when the moon appears in the month of Nisannu (I) it is dark, and when it rises, it rises in obscurity, kings will be comparable (with each other) (SÁ.SÁ-ma, šanānu N)" (= EAE XVI unknown), [SÁ.SÁ-ma means] "will rival each other," thus (umma) (it means) that a king will be as powerful as the other. [SÁ.SÁ means "to r]ival," "to rival" means "to conquer."
[SÁ.SÁ-ma :] ⸢iš⸣-šá-an-na-nu-ma : um-ma LUGAL ma-⸢la LUGAL⸣ i-ma-aṣ-ṣu
[SÁ.SÁ : šá]-⸢na⸣-nu : šá-na-nu ka-šá-du <: *> ina itiSIG₄ U₄ ⸢21*⸣.KAM AN.GE₆ :. GAR-ma 25
(52) "In the month of Simānu (III) on the 21st day there is an eclipse and (the moon) sets while eclipsed, the pregnant women will miscarry their unborn children" (= EAE XIX III 6) means that the eclipse occurs in Scorpius and on the 22nd and 23rd days.
⸢KAN₅⸣-[su] KU₄ MUNUS.PEŠ₄-MEŠ šá ŠÀ-ši-na ŠUBni ina mulₓ(AB₂)GÍR.TAB AN.GE₆ GAR-ma
U₄ ⸢22?⸣.[KAM u U₄] ⸢23?⸣.KAM : ŠU.DU₇ : šuk-lu-lu : šá-niš šul-lu-mu
(54) ŠU.DU₇ (= EAE XVI or XIX unknown) means "to be complete," alternatively, it means "to be safe."
* ina iti⸢DU₆? U₄ 14⸣.KAM AN.GE₆ 30 GAR-ma KAN₅-su KU₄ ⸢AN.x⸣.BU-MEŠ
(55) "In the month of Tašrītu (VII) on the 14th day there is a moon eclipse and (the moon) sets while eclipsed, the ... of the sky will become loose, the king of Elam will die" (= EAE XIX unknown). The eclipse is in the region of Gula – the star of Gula is the region of the rain, the region of Elam, the iškaru-fields of the palace.
⸢ANe DU₈*ir LUGAL*⸣ NIM.⸢MA*ki* UG₇*⸣ : ina mulₓ(AB₂)GU.LA AN.GE₆ GAR-ma
mulₓ(AB₂)GU.LA KI* ŠÈG ⸢KI*⸣ kurNIM.MAki iš-kar* É.GAL : ANŠE.KUR.RA-MEŠ 26
(57) "Horses will be furious" (= EAE XIX unknown) means "they will neigh," since "to be furious" means "to neigh."
iš-ta-mar-ma : i-šá-as-si : aš-šum šit-mu-ru : ša-su-ú
a-bu-bi : ILLU gap-šu : LUGAL a-gi-i* : LUGAL dan-nu : * ina itiAPIN
(59) A "deluge" (= EAE XIX III 11) is a massive flood. A "crowned king" (= EAE XIX III 12) is a mighty king. "If in the month of Araḫsamnu (VIII) on the 14th day there is an eclipse and (the moon) sets while eclipsed, AKKIL will fall upon the land" (= EAE XIX III 14 (?)) AKKIL means "lamentation," the same can also be on account of (the halo whose) inner part is in the region of the Pleiades and Taurus – plague.
U₄ 14.KAM AN.GE₆ GAR KAN₅-su KU₄ AKKIL UGU KUR ŠUBut
AKKIL : ik-kil-lu₄ : MIN : MU ŠÀ*nu KI ÁB.ÁB u mulₓ(AB₂)GU₄.AN.⸢NA ÚŠ⸣-MEŠ 27
* ina itiGAN U₄ 14.KAM AN.GE₆ GARan KAN₅-su KU₄ LUGAL ši-si-tu₄ UGU-šú ŠUBdi
(62) "In the month of Kislīmu (IX) on the 14th day there is a moon eclipse and (the moon) sets while eclipsed, a cry will fall upon the king" (= EAE XIX III 16) (means that the eclipse occurs) in the region of Orion; alternatively, (it occurs) facing Sagittarius – plague.
ina KI mulₓ(AB₂)SIPA.ZI.AN.NA šá-niš ana tar-ṣi mulₓ(AB₂)PA.BIL.SAG ÚŠ-MEŠ
* ina itiZÍZ U₄ 14.KAM AN.GE₆ 30 GAR-ma <<ina>> KAN₅-su KU₄ DINGIR GU₇
(64) "In the month of Šabāṭu (XI) on the 14th day there is a moon eclipse and (the moon) sets while eclipsed, the god will devour (the land)" (= EAE XIX III 18 (?)) (means that the eclipse occurs) in the region of Gemini – plague.
ina KI mulₓ(AB₂)MAŠ.TAB.BA.GAL.GAL ÚŠ-MEŠ * ina itiŠE U₄ 14.KAM AN.GE₆ 30 GAR-ma 28
(65) "In the month of Addaru (XII) on the 14th day there is a moon eclipse and (the moon) sets while eclipsed – there will be combat in the country" (= EAE XIX III unknown) (means that the eclipse occurs) in the region of Virgo and Saturn. "Combat" – the good or evil that is said in the eclipse, (depends on whether) the region of its month [equals ("broken")] the region that is destined for the land.
KAN₅-su KU₄ : taš-nin-tu₄ ina KUR GÁLši ina KI mulₓ(AB₂)AB.SÍN u TUR.DIŠ 29
taš-nin-tu₄ SIG₅ u lum-nu* šá ina AN.GE₆ iq-bu-ú ⸢KI⸣ ITI-šú* ana KI šá ana KUR mi-ḫir-ti ḫe-pí30
ṣa-a-tú* u šu-ut KA mál-su-ti <ÉŠ>.GÀR* U₄ da-num den-líl-lá 31
(68) Lemmata and oral explanations (relating to) a 'reading' of Enūma Anu Enlil, (section) "If there is an eclipse and the day becomes dark" (= EAE XVI 1), finished. Its continuation (is entitled) "If there is an eclipse on the 14th of Nisannu" (= EAE XVII 1).
* AN.GE₆ GAR-ma U₄ ŠÚup AL.TIL EGIR-šú ina itiBÁRA U₄ 14.KAM AN.GE₆ GARan
IM mŠE.BA-ʾ-ia A mÌR-dba-ú A me-ṭi-ru IN.SAR itiZÍZ U₄ 23.⸢KAM⸣
(70) Tablet written by Iprāʾya, (grand)son of Arad-Baʾu, descendant of Ēṭiru. 23rd of Šabāṭu (XI month), 19th year of the king Artaxerxes. The reverer of Nabû shall not steal (the tablet), he should esteem (it) very much.
MU 19.KAM mar-tak-šat-su LUGAL pa-liḫ dAG ⸢NU* TÙM* ma*⸣-ʾ*-diš* li-šá-qir
1On ana muḫḫi ummāti qabi, compare TCL 6 17 l. 50 (CCP 3.1.8.A.a), ana muḫḫi ummāti u EN.TE.NA qabi. See also below l. 14.
2The sign after aššum kamāri is a clear GÌR (not GAN, pace Rochberg). However, the meaning escapes us. Perhaps it has to be corrected to dabdû, as proposed by Rochberg AfO Beih 22 (1988) p. 287 (as noted there, the equation kamāru = dabdû is known elsewhere). A reading of the signs as GÌR.GUB vel sim. does not seem to yield good sense.
3The base text (preserved in the excerpt tablet STT 329 11') reads [LUGAL KUR BI] UD-MEŠ-šú LÚGUD.DA-MEŠ.
4MUL ana ŠÀ MUL KU₄ is also attested in STT 329 12'.
5Note that the omens are quoted "in vertical," summarizing in a single sentence what probably was a series of omens pertaining the color of the cloud.
6The rare word alludānu is elsewhere attested only in the "Stevenson omen tablet" (Bab 7 pl. 17 ii 16).
7On ana muḫḫi ummāti qabi see also above l. 2.
8The ana ... qabi clause redefines the scope of the omen and turns what was an omen about the king into an omen about an abandoned land.
9The first word of the line is perhaps a gloss on the last word of the previous line.
10It is uncertain how this line should be read.
11Si vera lectio, the equation IM = arratu would be otherwise unattested.
12The last equation is a quotation from Malku III 191.
13a-dir È-ma surely refers to the first part of the protasis, but its commentarial function is unclear.
14On the expression adri(š) irbī-ma, see CCP 3.1.20.B passim.
15As studied by Gabbay, "Actual Sense and Scriptural Intention: Literal Meaning and Its Terminology in Akkadian and Hebrew Commentaries," Encounters by the Rivers of Babylon (2014) p. 341-342, the first explanation is based on an understanding of the verb erēbu literally, as "to enter." The second interpretation, called "regular" (kayyān), uses its contextual meaning, "to set."
16As noted by Rochberg AfO Beih 22 (1988) p. 288b, the apodosis in this line is also quoted in the commentary CCP 3.1.u72 l. 27.
17Note the explanation gašāru = adāru in CCP 3.2.2.A l. 28, mentioned by Rochberg AfO Beih 22 (1988) p. 288b
18Compare SUD = elēḫu in CAD E 79-80 and SI = namāru and SULUG = namāru in CAD N/1 210-211.
19Pace AfO Beih 22 (1988) p. 289a, the first half of the present line is probably part of the previous explanation, and not a new entry. šá could also be read as GAR.
20The collations of this line are of capital importance for the understanding of the text. Rochberg's reading ana imKUR.RA-ma is clearly wrong.
21It is unclear whether the first half of the line belongs to the base text or to the explanation.
22The present entries are probably based on Antagal G 202-203 (MSL 17 226): TAK₄ = e-ze-bu | NÍG.NAM.NU.TAK₄ = bir-ṣu.
23The first part of the present line and the second half of the previous one were previously misread and misinterpreted.
24At the beginning, [A]N.[GE₆] looks possible on the tablet.
25The triple colon is here used apparently to omit quoting part of the base text. The line is identical to EAE XIX section III 6 (= Rochberg AfO Beih 22 1988 p. 169, pace Rochberg AfO Beih 22 1988 p. 289).
26Compare ÉŠ.GÀR É.GAL in TCL 6 1 l. 45 (Koch AOAT 326 (2005) p. 197).
27Line 63 and 65 also contain ÚŠ-MEŠ. It is uncertain whether mūtānu, "plague," is the correct reading of these signs.
28Pace Rochberg there is no ḫe-pí at the end of the line.
29The tablet preserves no trace of the ÚŠ-MEŠ transliterated by Rochberg at the end of the line.
30On the phrase ana ... miḫirtu as "to be (destined) for ...." see CAD M/2 51a.
31The sign after malsûti is GÀR (collated). The emendation ÉŠ.GÀR was suggested by E. Frahm (privatim).